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Vietnam War Protest activists held demonstrations across the state and experimented with lifestyle changes in the hope of effecting fundamental change in American life. The student movement, also called the New Left because it represented the latest manifestation of left-leaning political activism, gained converts on campuses across the nation throughout the decade.
Georgia student leaders often looked to the national New Left for guidance and inspiration. Georgia student activists who joined the civil rights and student movements routinely risked arrest and physical harm, as well as alienation from their more conservative friends and families.
In fear of such demonstrations, the Georgia legislature had recently made sit-ins a misdemeanor. Because, in part, of the economic stress brought on by such protests, Atlanta outlawed segregation in public facilities in the fall of In April students conducted a three-day sit-in at the Academic Building to protest the unequal treatment of female students.
The dress code and curfew rules were stricter for women than for men, and women, unlike men, were banned from living off campus and from drinking. UGA did not escape the growing commitment to violence that characterized the national New Left in the late s.
On five separate occasions from tostudent activists attempted unsuccessfully to burn down the military building on campus. Antiwar Protests The growing sentiment among Americans against the Vietnam War generated numerous protests in Georgia.
The largest antiwar demonstrations occurred during the fall ofas part of the national "moratorium" campaign. In October and again in November, thousands of students gathered on campuses across the state to remember those killed in Southeast Asia.
In the late s and early s, Atlanta witnessed many antiwar demonstrations, most of which followed a route down Peachtree Street to Piedmont Park. It also became home to a countercultural community. Commonly called "hippies," counterculture followers advocated illegal drug use, communal living, relaxed sexual norms, and other behaviors that went against mainstream American culture.
A movement that shocked and confused many Americans, the counterculture seemed even more bizarre to many conservative southerners.
The Atlanta counterculture centered mainly on Peachtree Street, between Eighth and Fourteenth streets. There, hippies found businesses that catered to their lifestyle, including music shops, coffeehouses, nightclubs, and health food stores.
The success of the Great Speckled Birdan underground newspaper that operated out of a house on Fourteenth Street in Atlanta, symbolized the considerable size and longevity of the s student movement in Georgia.
From until it ceased operation inwriters for the Bird filled each weekly issue with stories about New Left causes. Founded by students from several Georgia colleges, the newspaper kept activists outside the metropolitan area in touch with the student movement.
At its height in the early s, activists distributed the paper throughout Georgia and the Southeast.
In Georgia, as across the nation, new organizations formed to address the concerns and fight for the rights of previously ignored or marginalized groups of people. Many female students who had protested for civil rights and against the Vietnam War began fighting for the equality of women.
These women worked hard to change abortion laws and tried unsuccessfully to get the Equal Rights Amendment ERA approved by the Georgia legislature; the state house voted against the ERA in Januaryand the state senate voted against it in February Homosexual men and women also began speaking out.
At UGA the Committee on Gay Education successfully sued the university and in late won the right to hold a dance for gays and lesbians on university grounds.
Georgia student activists participated fully in the social and political upheaval that overtook the nation in the s. You Might Also Like.If you are a teacher searching for educational material, please visit PBS LearningMedia for a wide range of free digital resources spanning preschool through 12th grade.
Coursera provides universal access to the world’s best education, partnering with top universities and organizations to offer courses online. The Influence & Impact of Historically Black Colleges and Universities on the Civil Rights Movement Overview This lesson will focus on how students of Historically Black Colleges and Universities created a culture of.
[Edit 3/ I no longer endorse all the statements in this document. I think many of the conclusions are still correct, but especially section 1 is weaker than it should be, and many reactionaries complain I am pigeonholing all of them as agreeing with Michael Anissimov, which they do . Looking at the impact of the Civil Rights Movement and football programs at Historically Black Colleges and Universities, the story culminates with the historic September game when the all.
Civil Rights Movement bibliography. Freedom Movement Bibliography. See also: Books Written by Freedom Movement Veterans.