Three years later, the Allies invaded Italy. His mother, Rosa Maltoni, was a teacher. His father, Alessandro, was a blacksmith who often encouraged Benito to disobey authority other than his own. He adored his father, but his love was never reciprocated.
The political crisis of the postwar years provided an opportunity for militant, patriotic movements, including those of ex-servicemen and former assault troops, students, ex-syndicalists, and former pro-war agitators. A restless child, Mussolini was disobedient, unruly, and aggressive.
He was a bully at school and moody at home. Because the teachers at the village school could not control him, he was sent to board with the strict Salesian order at Faenza, where he proved himself more troublesome than ever, stabbing a fellow pupil with a penknife and attacking one of the Salesians who had attempted to beat him.
He was also intelligent, and he passed his final examinations without difficulty. He obtained a teaching diploma and for a time worked as a schoolmaster but soon realized that he was totally unsuited for such work.
At the age of 19, a short, pale young man with a powerful jaw and enormous, dark, piercing eyes, he left Italy for Switzerland with a nickel medallion of Karl Marx in his otherwise empty pockets. For the next few months, according to his own account, he lived from day to day, jumping from job to job.
At the same time, however, he was gaining a reputation as a young man of strange magnetism and remarkable rhetorical talents. He read widely and voraciously, if not deeply, plunging into the philosophers and theorists Immanuel KantBenedict de SpinozaPeter KropotkinFriedrich NietzscheG.
HegelKarl Kautskyand Georges Sorelpicking out what appealed to him and discarding the rest, forming no coherent political philosophy of his own yet impressing his companions as a potential revolutionary of uncommon personality and striking presence.
While earning a reputation as a political journalist and public speaker, he produced propaganda for a trade unionproposing a strike and advocating violence as a means of enforcing demands.
Repeatedly, he called for a day of vengeance. More than once he was arrested and imprisoned. When he returned to Italy ineven the Roman newspapers had started to mention his name.
For some time after his return little was heard of him. So successful was this paper that in he was appointed editor of the official Socialist newspaper, Avanti! Soon, however, he changed his mind about intervention. He resigned from Avanti! Mussolini went to fight in the war. Rise to power Wounded while serving with the bersaglieri a corps of sharpshootershe returned home a convinced antisocialist and a man with a sense of destiny.
Three months later, in a widely reported speech in Bologna, he hinted that he himself might prove to be such a man. The following year the nucleus of a party prepared to support his ambitious idea was formed in Milan. In an office in Piazza San Sepolcro, about assorted republicans, anarchists, syndicalists, discontented socialists, restless revolutionaries, and discharged soldiers met to discuss the establishment of a new force in Italian politics.
So fascism was created and its symbol devised. At rallies—surrounded by supporters wearing black shirts —Mussolini caught the imagination of the crowds.Biography Early life. Rachele Mussolini was born Rachele Guidi in Predappio, Romagna, Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia).She was born into a peasant family and was the daughter of .
What did Benito Mussolini promise to the masses? Watch video · Around this time, Hitler was informed of the execution of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. Afraid of falling into the hands of enemy troops, Hitler and Braun committed suicide the day after.
Early life and career Benito Mussolini was born at Dovia di Predappio, Italy, on July 29, The Mussolinis were a poor family who lived in a crowded two-bedroom webkandii.com: Apr 28, Benito Mussolini was born in Predappio, Italy on July 29, Growing up, young Benito sometimes worked with his father at his blacksmith shop.
Growing up, young Benito sometimes worked with his father at his blacksmith shop. Watch video · Benito Mussolini’s father, Alessandro, was a blacksmith and an impassioned socialist who spent much of his time on politics and much of his money on his mistress.